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Monthly Archives: April 2019

World powers in fresh nuclear talks with Iran on nuclear drive

The two-day meeting in Geneva ends a six-month hiatus over the Islamic republic’s refusal to curb uranium enrichment in exchange for easing punishing international sanctions.

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Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif was to present Iran’s stance to the so-called P5+1 group of the United States, Britain, France, China and Russia plus Germany.

The proposal, entitled “Closing an Unnecessary Crisis, and Opening a New Horizon”, contains three steps that could settle the long-running nuclear standoff “within a year”, Zarif said Monday.

Zarif, who has said he hoped the Geneva talks would least sketch out a “roadmap” for further higher-level talks, did not did not go into details.

But he said the initial step could be achieved “within a month, or two, or even less”.

Negotiators have however downplayed the chances of a major breakthrough, despite hopes raised since conservative Mahmoud Ahmadinejad wrapped up two four-year terms as Iran’s president.

Rouhani, who took office in August, has promised transparency on the nuclear programme and engagement to eventually lift the trade embargo that is strangling Iran’s economy by hitting oil exports and access to global banking.

But Iran’s archfoe Israel has repeatedly warned the world not to fall for “sweet talk” from Rouhani, and Western negotiators have insisted they are not naive.

European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton, who is chairing the talks, said she had “cautious optimism but a real sense of determination”.

Officials said the talks, taking place at the UN’s European base in Geneva, were to be conducted in English for the first time.

A senior US administration official said detail was the key, and noted that Washington’s team included sanctions specialists.

“We are quite ready to move. But it depends what they put on the table,” the official told reporters in Geneva.

“We are hopeful, but that has to be tested with concrete, verifiable actions,” the official said.

“In the past, Iran has taken the negotiated time and just kept moving forward with its nuclear programme. We cannot allow that to be the case.”

Zarif admitted to difficulties in the negotiations, on hold since a round in April in Kazakhstan where Iran refused to curb some sensitive enrichment activities in exchange for a moderate relief of sanctions.

“The nuclear issue cannot be resolved in one session, as mistrust has been accumulated over years,” he said.

“I am not pessimistic about the talks, but we need to see the good intentions and political will of the other side in action,” he said.

Western powers and Israel suspect Iran is trying to develop the atomic bomb, a claim vehemently denied by Tehran which insists its nuclear programme is for peaceful purposes.

Iran currently has 6,774 kilogrammes of low-enriched uranium, and a lesser quantity of medium-enriched uranium.

The latter is of greatest concern for the West and Israel, which fear Tehran could divert some for further enrichment towards a level required for nuclear weapons.

Iran has already drawn its red lines for the talks, saying it will not accept any demand to suspend uranium enrichment or ship out stockpiles of purified material.

A first meeting between Zarif and his counterparts from the six powers took place last month on the sidelines of the UN General Assembly, accompanied by a landmark two-way meeting with US Secretary of State John Kerry.

After meeting Ashton in London on Sunday, Kerry said the window for diplomacy with Iran was “cracking open.”

Shortly before the talks began, Israel — widely believed to be the Middle East’s only nuclear armed state — warned against any “partial agreement”.

“Iran believes it can get by with cosmetic concessions that would not significantly impede its path to developing nuclear weapons, concessions that could be reversed in weeks,” Israel’s security cabinet said.

Kerry underlined Sunday that Washington meant what it said when it insisted it would never allow room for a nuclear-armed Iran.

“I believe firmly that no deal is better than a bad deal,” he said.

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2019年4月17日 上海性息

Mosley clash do or die for Mundine

Anthony Mundine will walk into the ring against Shane Mosley next Wednesday knowing his career will be over if he loses to the 42-year-old former three-time world champion.

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Mundine was defeated by Daniel Geale in his last contest, and knows he faces a step up in class when he takes on Mosley in a WBA international light-middleweight contest.

Although he’s lost eight of his 57 fights, Mosley has never been stopped and gone the distance with Floyd Mayweather, Manny Pacquiao, Saul Alvarez, Miguel Cotto, Vernon Forrest and Ronald ‘Winky’ Wright.

The American has also held world titles in the light-middleweight, welterweight and lightweight divisions across an illustrious 20-year career.

Mundine is hopeful victory at the Sydney Entertainment Centre will open the door for a fight with Mayweather, Alvarez or Cotto and the controversial former WBA super-middleweight champion said he had too much respect for Mosley to dish out his usual pre-fight insults.

“This is do or die,” the 38-year-old said on Tuesday.

“I’ve always said I want to fight the very best. This guy has been there and done it. He’s one of the very best and that’s the respect I am going to give him.

“I am not going to bad mouth him. I am not going to belittle him.

“You have to remember the last four defeats he’s suffered are to four of the best pound for pound fighters in the world in Alvarez, Cotto, Mayweather and Pacquiao.”

Mundine (44-5) admits it will be a tough task to get his dream fight with Mayweather, but knows a win over Mosley would hugely increase his profile in the US.

“I know everyone wants Mayweather. He’s the best fighter of our generation,” he said.

“But I believe in my ability and my talent and that’s what this fight has to showcase.

Victory against Mosley would be a huge step towards restoring his international credibility which was dented after a series of fights against inferior opponents in the wake of his points defeat to the outstanding Danish super-middleweight Mikkel Kessler in 2005.

Mundine admits he would have liked to have met Mosley five years earlier, but now boasts the experience and ring craft to face his highly-regarded opponent with confidence.

“I wanted the biggest fights after I fought Kessler, but unfortunately certain things happened for certain reasons,” he said.

“But I am not a bloke who grew up in boxing. I was in rugby league since the age of four.

“I had four amateur fights, so I’ve learned on the job.”

The defeat by Geale was a huge setback for Mundine, and he admits he allowed the Tasmanian to dictate terms due to a lack of focus in the build-up to the fight.

“Geale is a bit of a spoiler. I fought passive,” he said.

“If I have a lot more hunger and determination and more of a killer instinct I would have stopped him.

“I look back on it now … because Geale can’t sell a fight I had to go out there and say some outlandish stuff to get people talking about the fight.

“Maybe that took a lot out of me. But for this fight I don’t have to talk.

“‘Sugar’ Shane Mosley says it all.”

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Is alcohol ever OK for expectant mums?

Morgan Phillips, 18, looks and acts like any other teenager her age.

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She’s articulate, funny and enjoys playing sports.

You wouldn’t notice it at first, but unlike most teens, Morgan can barely read or write. She also has poor memory and impulse control, and finds it hard to grasp abstract concepts like time, money and measurements.

“If people are saying like quarter past, half past and stuff like that, sometimes I can’t understand it. One day I can, the next day I’ll completely forget,” she tells Insight. “Most days are bad, some days are really good, just really depends.”

At age 11, Morgan was diagnosed with Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD), the umbrella term used to describe a range of alcohol-related neurological disorders. Morgan’s father, Andrew Phillips says he didn’t realise it at the time, but Morgan’s mother was an alcoholic who drank while pregnant.

“It’s a drinking society and there wasn’t anything really said about drinking… none of the doctors said anything to me.” – Tracy Duly.

“At the time we didn’t know,” Andrew says. “Her mum stopped smoking. We changed our diet and our lifestyle a bit to be good parents. Occasionally [we had] a bit of drink or alcohol with a meal. It wasn’t until after, like in hindsight that [I realised] there was a lot of hidden drinking. You just didn’t know was happening.”

For Tracy Duly, she knowingly drank throughout her pregnancy with her daughter Claire, 22, who was diagnosed with FASD. Tracy says she had no idea of the possible consequences and was never advised against drinking.

“I didn’t know I was pregnant till I was three months pregnant with both my children,” she tells Insight. “But even throughout my pregnancy I did drink. I suppose being, not as an excuse, but people in Australia do drink a lot.

“It’s a drinking society and there wasn’t anything really said about drinking… none of the doctors said anything to me.”

‘SPECTRUM OF DISORDERS’

Drinking when pregnant can lead to a whole host of physical, behavioural and developmental problems known as FASD. Out of all these disorders, Foetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the most severe. Children with this condition are born with characteristic physical and mental defects, including short stature, and small head and brain.

“There’s a spectrum of disorders that may result from exposure to alcohol in utero,” says paediatrician and FASD researcher, Professor Elizabeth Elliott. “A tenth of those children will have physical disabilities, facial abnormalities and perhaps structural problems such as affecting the heart or the kidneys.

“The other half about have neurodevelopmental problems so behavioural problems, learning problems, problems with attention, but without the physical features. So as the name implies, there is that spectrum of disorders.”

‘NOT DRINKING IS THE SAFEST OPTION’

Many pregnant women have out-of-date information about alcohol. Previous National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) guidelines said that women could drink up to seven standard drinks per week. But these guidelines changed in 2009. The number is now zero.

The NHMRC guidelines now state: “For women who are pregnant, or planning a pregnancy, not drinking is the safest option.”

“They’re concerned about stigmatising the mother and children.” – Professor Elizabeth Elliott, paediatrician.

STIGMA ATTACHED TO FASD DIAGNOSIS

But experts fear the message isn’t getting out as there is a lack of awareness of FASD among health professionals.

In a 2006 survey of paediatricians fewer than 19 per cent could identify all four diagnostic criteria for FAS and 69.6 per cent thought that a diagnosis of FAS could be stigmatising. Only 23 per cent routinely asked about alcohol use when taking a pregnancy history.

Professor Elliott, who conducted the survey, says some doctors find it difficult to address maternal alcohol consumption without embarrassing or stigmatising expectant mothers.

“They’re concerned about stigmatising the mother and children,” she says. “They don’t know how to make the diagnosis, they don’t know what to do with the children, what the treatment is, or where to refer the child.”

With about half of all pregnancies being unplanned, doctors say women might drink in the crucial early weeks of pregnancy and not realise the potential damage they’re doing. But Professor Elliott warns that we shouldn’t create “unnecessary” anxiety.

“I think that we’ve got to give a clear message, but we’ve got to try not to create over anxiety in women where it’s unnecessary,” she says. “And we’ve got to provide them with the support to get them through the pregnancy and to assist them to give up whatever stage they disclose that they’re drinking.”

FASD is not recognised as an official disability in Australia, making access to government support and assistance extremely difficult.

This week, Insight speaks to pregnant women, parents, doctors and those with FASD to find out whether any level of drinking is safe during pregnancy, and what the consequences are.

Catch the Insight discussion tonight at 8.30PM on SBS ONE or live stream it at 南宁桑拿网,www.sbs.com.au/insight/live.

Do you think it’s ok to drink when pregnant? Share your thoughts in the comments below.

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Real Madrid could bid for Falcao next year, Perez says

Speaking on Spanish football chat show Punto Pelota on Monday night, Perez ruled out a bid for Falcao in the next transfer window in January but suggested Real could table one in the close season.

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Falcao, 27, left Real’s city rivals Atletico to join Monaco at the end of last season for a fee media reported was around 60 million euros ($81.5 million).

“He (Falcao) won’t come in January but in June, who knows?” Perez said.

“Nothing is impossible and there is a lot of time between now and then,” the construction magnate added.

“Falcao is a great player and I am aware that he wants to play for (Real) Madrid. I am aware of that, but it’s normal. They told me.”

One reason Real may be in the market for another striker is the patchy form of their French international Karim Benzema.

A favourite of Perez, Benzema has failed to win over Real’s demanding fans since his arrival in 2009 and is regularly whistled by some sections of the Bernabeu crowd.

Perez sought to defend the 25-year-old, who has been criticised by Real coach Carlo Ancelotti for not working hard enough on the pitch.

“I have faith in all the players in our squad,” Perez said.

“Karim is a great player and we get offers for him all the time, every summer.

“All I can say is that the coach is the one who has the authority to do what he believes is right.”

STOP WHISTLING

Perez urged Real fans to get behind the players and suggested the whistling could destabilise the team.

“I know how demanding the fans are. The players at this club have come to run, make sacrifices and fight, that’s what our fathers taught us and that is what we teach our children but we have to moderate these demands.

“I am greatly disturbed by this whistling of our own players in our own stadium.

“I ask that our members moderate the whistles and the criticism of our players because, if not, it could weaken us.”

Perez also discussed the planned refurbishment of the Bernabeu stadium and raised the prospect of a sponsor’s name being added to the giant arena.

“We want to start the works at the Bernabeu in the summer,” he said.

“It will be emblematic, to create a Bernabeu for the 21st century. We are looking for a sponsor and although the stadium will definitely still be called Bernabeu it could also have the name of a sponsor.”

Spanish media have reported that the remodelling of the stadium will cost 400 million euros and the venue may take the name “Santiago Bernabeu Fly Emirates” after the club’s Dubai-based partner.

(Reporting by Iain Rogers; Editing by John O’Brien)

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Jane set to start against Wallabies

Comeback winger Cory Jane is set to be rushed back outside new centre Ben Smith in the third Bledisloe Cup test against Australia in Dunedin.

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That was the clear message from coach Steve Hansen on Tuesday after Jane, 30, trained with the All Blacks on Tuesday for the first time this year.

Jane had a knee reconstruction after suffering a ligament tear in January and has played just a 40-minute hitout followed by a full game for Wellington in the NPC since his return to training last month.

“He was world-class before he was injured and we expect him to get back to that standard pretty quickly,” Hansen said of the 43-Test veteran.

“He wouldn’t be here if we didn’t think he was ready to start. He and Ben have similar skills. He’s very good with his kick and chase, he’s good in the air and he’s a great finisher.”

Hansen has no qualms about shifting Smith from the wing to start just his second Test at centre in place of veteran No.13 Conrad Smith, who has begun a four-month break from rugby.

Hansen admits there is a risk changing the role of a player who is in form but believes Ben Smith has the all-round game required.

“We need to find another centre – Conrad has been the one and only for a long time – and now’s the time to do that.

“He (Ben Smith) is not going in there cold. He trained there a lot as he was cover for Conrad during the championship and he finished the test against Argentina at second five-eighth.”

The clamour for Beauden Barrett to start at first five-eighth is set to fall on deaf ears with an indication Aaron Cruden has recovered from a knee niggle and will wear No.10 again – as he did in the 38-27 defeat of South Africa at Ellis Park before being replaced by Barrett.

“Beauden has closed out Tests really well, he is coming along nicely,” Hansen said.

“But the expectation is that all these guys will be better than the last time they played.”

The All Blacks will train again on Wednesday while the Wallabies will fly into Queenstown for two days of preparation.

Officials reported the Forsyth Barr Stadium indoor venue will be filled to its capacity of almost 30,000 for the dead rubber third Bledisloe Cup Test.

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