After the arrest of Jean-Bosco Uwinkindi in Uganda, the UN court for Rwanda is still seeking 10 Rwandan genocide suspects, the best known of them being Felicien Kabuga.
Accused of having bought the machetes used to hack the country’s minority Tutsis to pieces in 1994, Kabuga is still based in Kenya, according to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR).
Kabuga is the father-in-law of Augustin Ngirabatware, the former planning minister currently on trial at the ICTR.
Also on the list is former defence minister Augustin Bizimana. He was a member of the party of the Hutu president Juvenal Habyarimana, whose assassination on 6 April 1994 triggered the genocide in which some 800,000 people, mainly Tutsis were killed.
Accused of being one of the masterminds of the genocide, Bizimana, a trained agronomist, is in hiding in the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), according to sources at the ICTR.
The third big fish still on the run is Major Protais Mpiranya, who was under Habyarimana the commander of the presidential guard, the elite military unit the most active in the massacres.
Mpiranya, who was for a number of years was part of the command structure of the Rwandan Hutu Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), is currently thought to be getting protection from high-placed Zimbabweans.
ICTR Prosecutor Hassan Bubacar Jallow says that Kabuga, Bizimana and Mpiranya must be judged by the ICTR. If they are arrested after the tribunal wraps up they will be tried by its “residual mechanism”, a structure that the UN is still perfecting.
Jallow is contemplating sending the files on the other seven fugitives still at large to Rwanda and to other national court systems. But it is the ICTR judges who will have the last word on the issue and they have already refused five petitions aimed at transferring suspects before the Rwandan courts.
The seven are the former mayors Charles Sikubwabo, Ladislas Ntaganzwa and Aloys Ndimbati, the local militia chiefs Bernard Munyagishari and Phénéas Munyarugarama, a former police inspector Fulgence Kayishema and a former restaurant owner Charles Ryandikayo.
All are thought to be hiding in the DRC.